Water management

S001 - Reduce illness risk from irrigation practices

S025 - Apply irrigation techniques

S076 - Encourage agricultural practices for WASH

S172 - Recognizes importance of access to safe water

S180 - Reinforce Essential Hygiene Actions (EHA)

Extension services

S002 - Access reliable information

S012 - Analyse agro-ecological zone

S015 - Analyse farmer context

S030 - Assess weather parameters

S033 - Calculate input ratios

S048 - Conduct field visits

S058 - Consult with experts

S097 - Identify cultural implications in communication

S106 - Identify problems

S122 - Interpret current farmer pratices

S146 - Mobilize farmers

S154 - Organize field days

S186 - Select training methods

S194 - Undertake basic safety checks

S199 - Write field reports

Record management

S003 - Accurately record data

S059 - Correctly interpret records

S112 - Identify types of business records

S128 - Maintain accurate records

S133 - Manage creditors / debtors' records

S179 - Regularly reconcile records

S197 - Use records to meet expenses

Project management

S004 - Achieve organization's mission

S044 - Conduct organization's meetings

S054 - Conduct situational analysis

S055 - Conduct stakeholder analysis

S067 - Design extension programmes

S072 - Develop grant proposal

S073 - Develop work plan

S079 - Establish & monitor organization's objectives

S080 - Establish a model village

S115 - Implement extension campaigns

S116 - Implement extension service delivery

S181 - Respond to changing organization

Communication skills

S005 - Actively listen

S042 - Communicate effectively

S043 - Communicate effectively with community leaders

S057 - Connects content to be shared

S103 - Identify men/women's communication mechanisms

S132 - Make convincing presentations

S200 - Write for media

S201 - Manage relationships with the media

Agribusiness administration

S006 - Address cash shortages

S008 - Adjust to rapid changes/challenges

S013 - Analyse business opportunities

S019 - Analyse solution’s cost/benefits

S037 - Carry out financial planning

S088 - Forecast cash flow

S096 - Identify and resolve basic problems

S108 - Identify purpose of working capital

S113 - Identify viable business models

S130 - Maintain clean business premises

S131 - Make business decisions

S141 - Manage risks / uncertainties / change

S144 - Manage working capital

S147 - Mobilize resources

S148 - Monitor cash flows


S007 - Address needs of the nutritionally vulnerable

S017 - Analyse nutrition's contribution to health

S027 - Apply nutrition-sensitive extension approaches

S063 - Describe nutrition actions for positive health

S065 - Describe food & nutrition security relationship

S084 - Explain nutritional value of specific foods

S099 - Identify diversity of foods

S101 - Identify foods meeting nutrition needs

S127 - Lists farm products for dietary diversity

S157 - Plans access to nutritious foods

S160 - Promote diversity of foods

S187 - Sensitized to people's different nutrition needs

Agricultural marketing

S009 - Adopt appropriate pricing strategies

S014 - Analyse consumer preferences

S034 - Calculate product costs

S035 - Carefully display billboards and price tags

S050 - Conduct market analysis

S060 - Create demand for products

S068 - Design marketing strategies

S081 - Estimate capital for nutrition value chains

S090 - Give good customer service

S092 - Handle complaints promptly

S102 - Identify markets for nutritious products

S118 - Implement marketing activities

S120 - Increase sales over time

S126 - List customer requirements

S193 - Treat customers ethically

Advisory services

S010 - Advice on safe input use

S011 - Advocate for thoughtful location of livestock

S021 - Apply adult learning principles

S024 - Apply group dynamics principles

S028 - Apply youth inclusive approaches

S041 - Communicate disease risks by specific livestock

S047 - Conduct field demonstrations

S049 - Conduct focus group discussions

S078 - Engage and retain youth

S123 - Keep abreast with new ICTs

S136 - Manage nurseries

S151 - Operate agricultural machinery

S153 - Organize farmer field schools

S195 - Use appropriate ICTs

Input supply

S016 - Analyse input demand

S061 - Deliver inputs timely

S085 - Facilitate access to credit/input supply

S098 - Identify different seed/fertilizer types

S109 - Identify seed production processes

S110 - Identify sources of inputs

S124 - Know product details

S138 - Manage relationship with input suppliers

S183 - Safely transport inputs

S189 - Supply quality inputs

Crop management

S018 - Analyse soil nutrients

S075 - Educate on aggregating produce

S145 - Minimize post-harvest losses

S163 - Promote practices that improve soil health

S173 - Recommend good farming practices

S174 - Recommend pest management approaches

S176 - Recommend seeds and fertilizers

S177 - Recommend soil management approaches

Value chain development

S020 - Analyze markets for nutrition value chains

S119 - Improve men/women's value chain participation

S125 - Link farmers to markets

S161 - Promote farm entrepreneurship

S162 - Promote mechanisms to benefit from value chains 

S168 - Provide market information

S178 - Recommend value addition options

S190 - Support value chain development

Soft skills

S022 - Apply critical thinking

S062 - Demonstrates respect

S086 - Facilitate change

S087 - Facilitate meetings

S089 - Foster open communication environment

S143 - Manage time

S152 - Operate in transparency/ accountability

S156 - Persuade for change

S158 - Prioritize needs / problems

S165 - Promotes participants' safety

S169 - Provides frequent and substantive praise

S185 - Seek learning opportunities

S188 - Set personal goals

S202 - Manage conflict


S023 - Apply gender analysis integration principles

S029 - Appreciate gender differences

S038 - Channels women’s needs to actors

S045 - Conduct basic gender analysis 

S064 - Describe technology design gender issues 

S095 - Identifies opportunities for women’s access to technologies 

S100 - Identify extension roles to improve technologies' access

S104 - Identify men/women's value chain challenges

S105 - Identify men/women's value chains opportunities

S107 - Identify problems from wrong labor practices

S117 - Implement gender-transformative approaches

S159 - Promote alternatives on gender-related tasks 

S164 - Promotes gender-responsive meetings 

S192 - Tailors information to different target groups 

S196 - Use gender sensitive approaches

Relationship management

S026 - Apply leadership principles

S031 - Build networks

S032 - Build strategic partnerships

S040 - Collaborate to implement

S077 - Encourage teamwork and collaboration

S121 - Initiate social networks

S134 - Manage farmer relationship

S135 - Manage groups / teamwork

S137 - Manage relationship with clients

S139 - Manage relationships with financial institutions

S140 - Manage relationships with government

S170 - Receive criticism and suggestions

S171 - Recognize others' contributions

Stock management

S036 - Carry high turn-over stocks

S039 - Clearly display stock

S129 - Maintain appropriate stock levels

S142 - Manage stock records

S150 - Monitor stock turnover

S166 - Properly store inputs / stock

Participatory approaches

S046 - Conduct community forums

S053 - Conduct rural appraisals

S093 - Identifies community's power dynamics

S094 - Identifies formal/ informal groups

S114 - Identify where individuals fit in communities 

S155 - Orient farmer-based organizations

S191 - Supports FBO's responsivenes to women/men’s needs 

Monitoring and evaluation

S051 - Conduct needs assessment

S052 - Conduct participant observations

S056 - Conduct surveys

S066 - Design experiments

S069 - Design solutions

S070 - Design survey instruments

S149 - Monitor performance / progress

S198 - Write evaluation reports

Crop diagnostics

S071 - Detect emerging pests

S074 - Diagnose plant problems

S111 - Identify symptoms

S182 - Run a plant clinic

S184 - Sample plants

Chemical use

S082 - Explain agrochemical application practices

S083 - Explain integrated pest management options

S091 - Handle chemicals safely

S167 - Properly use PPEs

S175 - Recommend pesticides